MEDITERRANEAN GAMES

THE MEDITERRANEAN GAMES


The Mediterranean Games, celebrated every four years, constitute for the countries of the Mediterranean Basin the most important multi-sport event after the Olympic Games.


To this end, they bring together the sports delegations of the Mediterranean National Olympic Committees which are members of the ICMG in more than 25 disciplines.


The Mediterranean Basin is the meeting place of three continents: Africa, Asia and Europe. It is the birthplace of the three great monotheistic religions. It is also the cradle of the Olympic Games... Yet, it is a region regularly shaken by unrest and conflicts with dramatic effects on its populations. However, despite the problems, particularly political ones, the Mediterranean Games are always held on the fixed date in the selected place, bringing together young athletes from the Mediterranean countries in a convivial atmosphere conducive to strengthening the bonds of friendship and solidarity, despite cultural, religious and linguistic differences.


History of Games

The idea of organizing Games for the Mediterranean countries was conceived by the President of the Egyptian NOC and Vice-President of the IOC, Mohamed TAHER PACHA with the help of the Greek Ioannis KETSEAS, also an IOC member. At the 1948 Olympic Games in London, during a period overshadowed by tension between the great powers, he presented the project to IOC members, supporting the peace-making and unifying dimension of sports.


The first Mediterranean Games were held in Alexandria in 1951. The Games count more than half a century of existence and are in their 18th edition. The table below shows:

  • An increase in the number of participating countries in every subsequent edition, resulting in a substantial increase in the number of athletes.
  • The participation of female athletes since 1967 in Tunis.
  • A change in periodicity in 1993 with the organization of the Games in France only 2 years after the Games of Athens in 1991. Indeed, due to the congestion of the international sports calendar during the pre-Olympic year, most NOCs expressed their wish that this event take place the year after the Olympic Games so as to better prepare the new Olympic teams.
  • A balanced alternation in the organization between the northern and southern shores of the Mediterranean, at least until the 2001 edition.


The ICMG

During the 3rd edition of the Mediterranean Games of 1959 in Beirut, the head of the organization and President of the Lebanese NOC Gabriel GEMAYEL, also an IOC member, realized that the existence of the Games was too fragile and therefore proposed the creation of an International Committee of the Mediterranean Games which was officially established on June 16, 1961.


This international non-governmental and non-profit organization composed of affiliated NOCs and the IOC members of these countries, had as its first President Gabriel GEMAYEL and then Mohamed MZALI (Tunisia), Claude COLLARD (France) and, since 2001, Amar ADDADI (Algeria).


After Ioannis KETSEAS, Epaminondas PETRALIAS, Nikos FILARETOS, Minos KYRIAKOU and since 2009 Isidoros KOUVELOS, all Greeks, have served as Secretaries General.


The headquarters of the ICMG are located in Athens. They were hosted by the Hellenic Olympic Committee until 2005; at present they are installed in premises put at the disposal of the ICMG by the Greek Government.

The ICMG is the owner of the Mediterranean Games and designates, every 4 years, 6 years before each edition, the city that will be entrusted with the organization of the Games.


Currently it consists of 25 member NOCs, namely: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece, Italy, Kosovo, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Morocco, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain Syrian Arab Republic, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Tunisia, Turkey.


Besides its essential role in organizing the Mediterranean Games, the ICMG:

  • Contributes to the propagation of the ideals and principles of Olympism as defined in the Olympic Charter and of Olympic education in the countries of the Mediterranean Basin; the Mediterranean Games are held under the patronage of the IOC.
  • Contributes to strengthening the bonds of friendship and peace between young people and Mediterranean athletes by promoting understanding, dialogue, cooperation and solidarity among the NOCs of the Mediterranean Basin.
  • Organizes development and cooperation activities in the field of sport, in particular for the countries that are most in need, in order to raise the level of practice and contribute to the development of Mediterranean Sport.


Its emblem consists of three interlocking rings, representing the three continents, reflected in the sea, a common and unifying element. It was presented for the first time at the Games of Split in 1979.

The ICMG Charter, inspired by the Olympic Charter, defines its mode of operation, its objectives and everything that is related to the Mediterranean Games.

Its official languages are French, English and Arabic.

EDITIONS OF THE MEDITERRANEAN GAMES:

No

Year

City - Country

Number of participating countries

Number of Athletes

Men

Women

Total

I.

1951

Alexandria– EGYPT

10

734

-

734

II.

1955

Barcelona– SPAIN

10

1.135

-

1.135

III.

1959

Beirut– LEBANON

11

792

-

792

IV.

1963

Naples – ITALY

13

1.057

-

1.057

V.

1967

Tunis – TUNISIA

12

1.211

38

1.249

VI.

1971

Izmir – TURKEY

14

1.235

127

1.362

VII.

1975

Algiers – ALGERIA

15

2.095

349

2.444

VIII.

1979

Split - YUGOSLAVIA

14

2.009

399

2.408

IX.

1983

Casablanca – MOROCCO

16

1.845

347

2.192

X.

1987

Latakia - SYRIA

18

1.529

467

1.996

XI.

1991

Athens – GREECE

18

2.176

586

2.762

XII.

1993

Agde-Roussillon - FRANCE

19

1.994

604

2.598

XIII.

1997

Bari – ITALY

21

2.166

790

2.956

XIV.

2001

Tunis – TUNISIA

23

1.972

1.019

2.991

XV.

2005

Almeria – SPAIN

21

2.126

1.077

3.203

XVI.

2009

Pescara - ITALY

23

2.183

1.185

3.368

XVII.

2013

Mersin – TURKEY

24

1.994

1.070

3.064


SPORTS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN GAMES



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RECORDS OF THE MEDITERRANEAN GAMES


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MEDAL TABLES

 
 
 
 

PHOTOS


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1951

1951

1955

1955

1959

1959

1963

1963

1967

1967

1971

1971

1975

1975

1979

1979

1983

1983

1987

1987

1991

1991

1993

1993

1997

1997

2001

2001

2005

2005

2009

2009

2013

2013